Tomorrow the deadline that the Government gave platforms such as Glovo, Deliveroo, Uber Eats or Stuart to adapt their business models to the ‘Rider Law’ ends . But the rule that will regulate the employment of delivery drivers is not getting companies to transfer false self-employed workers to hired personnel as expected.
So far, just one day after the rule comes into force, only Just Eat has announced that it will carry out the hiring of them, a small part of the total of the more than 30,000 that operated in Spain, and that they will be added to the only 2,000 that Glovo will employ .
The solutions of each of the platforms are different and highly creative, as the regulations that were approved four months ago have numerous legal nooks and crannies which, for now, have managed to avoid the cost of hiring delivery men. The first to announce what its future would be like in our country was Glovo .
The firm decided to hire only one in ten of its distributors in Spain, about 2,000, and created a model for self-employed workers that circumvents the new regulations.
The home delivery company thus renounces working with fleets and will allow the self-employed to freely decide what day and at what time they connect to the platform, also setting their own rates for service.
But the ingenuity of Glovo has not pleased the unions, who consider that the platform does not comply with the ‘Rider Law’ and has denounced them before the Labor Inspectorate considering that they have not made “the attempt to adapt ” to the new norm .
CCOO Catalonia has filed the complaint with the body that oversees the rights of workers on understanding that it maintains the regime of self-employed workers who should be hired by the company and, in addition, subcontracts staff for the so-called dark stores , its supermarkets without presence customer physics, which should be assumed by the platform, as understood by the union.
Glovo was the first but not the only one to launch its proposals to survive the ‘Rider Law’. Uber Eats, the other major platform in the sector, announced this week that it will subcontract to fleets so that they are the ones who carry out the deliveries for the application. In this way, Uber saves the costs of employing its distributors, which avoids encrypting, and transfers the ball of false self-employed to a third company.
More radical has been the position of Deliveroo , which just a few days ago announced to its distributors that it was ceasing to operate in Spain after the entry into force of the ‘Rider Law’. The decision of Stuart remains in the air, which operates in Barcelona and Madrid and has around 500 riders associated with its platform.
Impact of the standard
After knowing the approval and implementation of the rule that has now dislodged the market, the ADigital platform published a report in which it outlined the impact that the measure would have on the home delivery market. In it, he pointed out that up to 11 million people – most of them in cities with less than 100,000 inhabitants or medium-sized cities – would be left without the delivery service as it is not profitable for the companies that operate it.
In addition, it estimated at about 23,000 distributors those who would be left without work , 76% of the estimated total that operated in our country at that time. On the supply side, ADigital estimated that more than 3,000 restaurants would be affected by this measure, which is now in effect.
We will have to wait to see the definitive consequences of the ‘Rider Law’ but, for now, the employment to which it was aspired has been reduced to a handful of distributors, while it will be the Labor Inspectorate and, later, the courts, the Let them decide if the ingenuity of the platforms contravenes the norm.
The only one that bets in this way in a clear and decisive way for hiring is Just Eat , which until now worked with delivery men from the restaurants themselves, but has also decided to have its own network, although for now it does not give data on how many jobs can be generate. For now, last week it announced that it was finalizing the signing of the first collective agreement in the sector with the unions.
Its general director in Spain, Patrik Berbareche , explained that “this is a very important negotiation that will mark a historical milestone in the evolution of the sector and will guarantee the proper functioning of labor relations in a new and dynamic digital environment where technology plays an essential role. “
And the unions have spoken along the same lines. From CCOO, Carlos Gutiérrez , head of New Realities of Work, believes that the new agreement promoted by Just Eat “demonstrates to the sector as a whole that the search for profitability can be reconciled with compliance with labor legislation and social protection of employees. workers “. Álvaro Vicioso , from UGT, states that “there is a clear intention to lay the foundations for the future” in the sector.