What is acne?
Almost all people have ever had acne in their adolescence. It is a chronic skin disease, which is caused by the overproduction of sebum and blockage of pores due to bacteria (P. Acnes). It usually starts with blackheads and whiteheads, and they evolve to papules, pustules, and cysts in more severe cases. At the end of the acne’s course, some scar formation usually appears on the skin. Nevertheless, effective acne treatment can help get rid of your skin disease. Look for a dermatologist or seek an online doctor consultation for well-working medications.
Who can get acne?
Anybody can get acne. However, it is more common among teenagers and young adults. It occurs during puberty or adolescence because of the hormonal changes in the body.
What are the causes of acne?
The exact cause of acne is still unknown. However, some factors have been identified as being involved-
- Menstruation cycle
- Emotional stress
- Exposure to high temperature
What are acne scars?
Acne scars are formed when the skin has a severe inflammatory reaction during an acne inflammation process. There are many kinds of wounds caused by pimples, such as-
- Hypertrophic (depressed) scars
- Erythematous (red) scars
- Atrophic (depressed) scars
- Pigmented scars
Blemishes can be sucking. They can take away your confidence and even the willpower to get over the condition. Therefore, it is crucial to look for an effective acne treatment, which can help clear your skin and get your self-belief back.
You can get acne scars when you have severe acne. It is possible to develop hypertrophic and atrophic scars after an inflammatory process in the dermis (deep layer of skin).
What are the different types of acne scars?
Acne scars are different depending on many factors, including depth of the scar, size, color, and shape.
- Hypertrophic scars
Hypertrophic scars are raised above the skin surface. They usually take a round or oval form, and their color is pink or red. These scars occur because of excessive collagen production during the scar formation process after acne inflammation. The main causes of hypertrophic scars are acne vulgaris, burn injuries, chickenpox, and other skin inflammations.
If you want to reduce the size and appearance of your hypertrophic scars, several treatment procedures can help. They can be done at home or in a beauty salon. Nevertheless, the most common options include microdermabrasion, laser resurfacing, chemical peels, and dermabrasion. Consult with a dermatologist for the best acne treatment before landing on any decision.
- Boxcar scar
A boxcar scar is around an atrophic acne wound, having four sharp ends. It resembles the shape of a box. These marks can appear on the face, neck, and upper back. They can also be called ice pick scars because they look like a hole that was poked out by an ice pick. Boxcar scars are usually the result of severe nodular acne inflammations and cysts formation on a person’s skin. The cause is the excessive production of collagen during the scar formation process.
Boxcar scars are difficult to treat. Nevertheless, some options include dermabrasion, laser peels, and chemical peels.
- Ice pick scar
Ice pick scars are deep marks that look like a hole in the skin. They usually have sharp and uneven edges. They are narrow and longer than boxcar scars. Ice pick scars are caused by severe nodular acne inflammations and cysts formation on the skin. The cause of their existence is the excessive production of collagen during the scar formation process.
Ice pick scars are challenging to treat. However, some of the remedies like dermabrasion, laser treatments, and chemical peels can help. Seeking the opinion of an expert about acne treatment is a good idea before choosing any remedy for your problem.
- Rolling scar
A rolling acne scar is a long and narrow atrophic injury. It usually begins in the lower part of the skin and travels upwards. Rolling scars resemble cat scratches on the skin. They can be shallow or deep and quite visible. These marks are caused by severe nodular acne inflammations and cysts formation on a person’s skin. The cause of their formation is the excessive production of collagen during the scar formation process.
If you want to diminish the size and condition of your rolling acne scars, some treatment methods can be performed at home or in a beauty salon. Some of those options include microdermabrasion, dermabrasion, and laser resurfacing.
- Hypertrophic rosacea scar
Hypertrophic rosacea scars are not true acne scars, but they can take a similar form. They usually appear after the redness associated with rosacea has started to fade away. The cause of their formation is also excessive production of collagen during the scar formation process.
You can get rid of them through dermabrasion, chemical peels, and laser resurfacing procedures.
- Keloid scars
Keloid scars are overgrown tissues that appear after the healing process has taken place. These marks usually grow slowly and can cause severe skin problems, such as pain or itchiness. Keloid scars can also affect your appearance since they are visible on the skin. Excessive production of collagen during the scar formation process results in these injuries. Moreover, keloids can also appear after skin injuries, burns, or even ear piercings.
Since Keloid scars are very resistant to treatment, there are some helpful options. They may include steroid injections, steroids creams, and silicone-based treatments. You can consult with your dermatologist for the best option.
How can you treat acne?
There are many possible ways for acne treatment nowadays. Antibiotics, topical preparations (creams), and oral medications can help. Some of them work pretty well, but they do not work for everyone. Therefore, you should talk to your dermatologist to find out which treatment is the best for you.
Effective pimple treatments can vary from person to person, and one of the most important things you need to do is find out which of them is right for you. The remedies work by unclogging pores, killing bacteria that cause pimples, and clearing excess oil from the skin. Other than these common goals, there are many different types of treatments available.
The following treatments are drug-free and work in killing off acne-causing bacteria and unclogging pores with the help of natural ingredients such as tea tree oil, glycolic acid, salicylic acid, and many others. Moreover, they also help to exfoliate dead skin cells, giving your face a brighter look.
- Salicylic acid
Salicylic acid is one of the most significant ingredients commonly found in anti-acne products. This acid clears pores by dissolving the oil, which clogs them up, causing acne breakouts. When salicylic acid is applied to the skin in small amounts, it exfoliates or sloughs off dead skin cells. This helps prevent pores from clogging up again and causing acne to break out. Exfoliation also promotes a brighter look on the face as well as makes blackheads less noticeable.
- Glycolic acid
Glycolic acid is a wonderful acne treatment that works in much the same way as salicylic acid does. However, it is even stronger in clearing pores. It is used in many acne products, including face washes and moisturizers, to help with blackheads and whiteheads.
- Tea tree oil
It is a great natural ingredient found in many products designed specifically to clear up acne breakouts. Tea tree oil works not only for fighting current pimples from forming on the face but also to help prevent future outbreaks from occurring. It works by applying this oil directly to the skin and completely covering it with a bandage for several hours at a time to kill off acne-causing bacteria and unclog pores.
- Alpha hydroxy acid
This acid helps clear out the pores in your face and reduces fine lines and wrinkles. It is commonly found in many products and works by unclogging pores and killing off bacteria.
Retinol, or Vitamin A, is another powerful ingredient. They help reduce the amount of oil produced on the skin, which prevents future breakouts. Moreover, retinol is also an exfoliator that unclogs pores and promotes a brighter complexion.
- Benzoyl peroxide
It is probably one of the most well-known acne-fighting ingredients. However, it also comes with some side effects like over-drying skin. Benzoyl peroxide works by killing off bacteria that cause pimples and whiteheads to occur. It also works by irritating the skin and making it dry, flaky, and red. For this reason, this remedy is not an ingredient preferred by many people for acne treatment.
- Oral medications
Drugs such as Accutane (isotretinoin) and antibiotics (tetracycline) can treat severe and chronic forms of acne breakouts. They usually require an extended treatment period and doctor supervision to be effective. These medications help reduce the oil on the skin and kill off acne-causing bacteria. However, they can also cause drying and peeling of the skin, making some people to discontinue their usage.
These treatments take longer to work than most medications, but they are certainly much safer and more user-friendly in the long run.
What are the home remedies for acne?
Acne can be frustrating to deal with. It often occurs in the teenage years and the twenties or thirties (and sometimes forties!). They can be caused by many different factors, including diet, lifestyle choices, genetics, stress levels, and environmental triggers like pollution. Here are some home remedies for acne you can try out-
Oatmeal is packed with fiber, which helps remove excess toxins from the body while also reducing inflammation in the body. The anti-inflammatory properties of oats make this a great acne home remedy. You can apply oatmeal to your face, leave it there for around 15 minutes and then wash it off with lukewarm water.
- Lemon Juice and Honey
Honey has antibacterial properties that fight acne-causing bacteria. Lemon juice provides the antibacterial properties of lemon with the moisturizing effects of honey, making it is a wonderful acne home remedy. Mix some lemon juice in some raw honey and apply it to your face for about 20 minutes before rinsing it off.
- Baking Soda
Baking soda is an antiseptic and fungicide, which makes it an effective acne treatment. It also kills the acne-causing bacteria that live underneath your skin. Moreover, it rids the skin of dead cells and unclogs blocked follicles. Mix some baking soda with water to form a paste and apply it to your face using a flat foundation brush before washing off with warm water.
- Coconut Oil and Sugar
Sugar has natural antibacterial and exfoliating properties that help dissolve dead skin cells and remove them from the skin’s surface. On the other hand, coconut oil soothes irritation and inflammation caused by acne. Mix two tablespoons of sugar with a teaspoon of coconut oil to form a scrub before applying it to your face.
- Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar has been used for its medicinal properties for centuries, and it is a great acne home remedy. It balances the pH levels of your skin, which can become imbalanced due to bacterial infection caused by acne. Moreover, apple cider vinegar also controls sebum production on your skin, which otherwise can result in blackheads and pimples.
- Green Tea
Green tea is packed with antioxidants, which fight the damaging free radicals that accumulate on our skin’s surface over time, causing wrinkles and fine lines to form. Drinking green tea can also help your body flush out toxins, so it diminishes acne on the outside as well. You can apply green tea to your face using a cotton ball, or you can also drink it twice daily.
- Egg Whites
If you are allergic to eggs, use the egg white from the yolk of one boiled egg and apply this mixture with a cotton swab. Leave it on for about 20 minutes before rinsing off with warm water. However, if you are not allergic to eggs, you can apply egg whites directly to your face to reduce acne.
Cinnamon is an antiseptic herb that fights the acne-causing bacteria while also treating inflammation on the skin’s surface. It also regulates sebum production on your skin, which can otherwise result in blackheads and blocked pores. You can mix some cinnamon powder with a little honey, or you can also make a paste by mixing it with lemon juice and applying this mixture to your face.
How can you prevent acne?
Unfortunately, no way would assure prevention from acne. It may happen to anybody at any age, but it does not have to be a disaster for your self-esteem. Therefore, if you have pimples, consult with a dermatologist for suitable acne treatment. Moreover, there are some small steps you can take to decrease the effect of acne on your life-
- Wash your face as often as needed; it cleans the pores and prevents potential blockage.
- Try to stay away from oily foods and dairy products
- You can also take some dietary supplements, which will reduce the number of inflammations on your skin (omega-3 fatty acids, green tea extract)
- Try to control your stress
- Don’t stay in the sun too much
- Drink enough water
- Sleep at least 8 hours per night