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What Is BPH And How Can It Affect You?

Do you have to go to the toilet frequently, especially throughout the night, or is your urine stream weak? You may have benign prostatic hyperplasia, often known as BPH, which is a disorder that typically develops in older men. Even though it does not threaten a person’s life, BPH can substantially affect their quality of life by producing pain and other problems. 

This post will discuss BPH, origins, symptoms, and treatment choices to help you better understand how it may impact your life.

Understanding BPH

Some may ask, “What is BPH?”  BPH is a condition in which the enlargement of the prostate gland characterizes. It exerts pressure on the urethra, which removes urine from the body. This pressure has the potential to induce a wide range of symptoms, including the following:

  • Frequent urination
  • a pressing need to urinate
  • Urine flow that is insufficient Difficulty beginning and ending the flow of urine
  • Inability to empty one’s bladder Drips that appear after one has urinated.
  • BPH is a disorder that is not malignant and is prevalent in men as they become older. 

Reasons Why Men Have BPH

It needs to be completely understood what factors lead to BPH in some individuals. On the other hand, men’s hormone levels are thought to change as they age, which is why this occurs. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is a hormone that possesses a higher activity than the male hormone testosterone. The hormone is a product of an enzyme called 5-alpha-reductase. This transformation takes place in the body of men. Because DHT encourages the proliferation of prostate cells, it can lead to an enlarged prostate gland.

Risk Factors For BPH

There are many variables that, when taken together, might raise your chance of having BPH. Here are a few of these elements:

• As previously mentioned, a man’s age affects how likely he is to develop benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

• Your risk of developing benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is increased due to your family’s history of the condition if your father or brother suffers from it.

• Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is more likely to affect overweight or obese men, is correlated with obesity.

• Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a disorder related to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

• Sedentary lifestyles, poor diets, and binge drinking have all been linked to an increased risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and cigarette smoking.

Diagnosing BPH

Your doctor will likely do a physical examination on you if you are exhibiting signs of BPH. During this exam, your doctor will assess your prostate gland’s size and shape using a digital rectal exam, or DRE. To be certain of the diagnosis, they could also prescribe more tests, such as a blood test for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) or a urine flow study. The method of diagnosis can change depending on the unique patient and the degree of severity of the symptoms. To opt for Conferring with a qualified medical practitioner for an accurate diagnosis and to devise a suitable treatment strategy is beneficial.

Watchful Anticipation

If your symptoms aren’t too severe, your physician may suggest you undergo active monitoring, often known as watchful waiting. It is common practice to prescribe “watchful waiting” for men whose symptoms are moderate and not concerned by them. It is essential to remember that treating BPH with cautious anticipation is not appropriate for all instances. Active treatment alternatives may be advised if the individual’s symptoms deteriorate, substantially impact their quality of life, or lead to consequences such as urine retention or renal difficulties.


Alpha-blockers improve urine flow by relaxing the prostate gland and the bladder neck muscles. Inhibitors of 5-alpha-reductase function by lowering the quantity of DHT generated by the prostate gland slows the progression of prostate enlargement. Combination drugs are normally reserved for male patients with moderate to severe symptoms. These medications contain both alpha-blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors.

Minimally Invasive Procedures 

Minimally invasive procedures may be indicated for men whose symptoms range from mild to severe and who do not respond well to treatment with medicines. These processes include the following:

  • The term “transurethral resection of the prostate,” or “TURP,” refers to a surgical procedure in which extra prostate tissue is removed through the urethra by a surgeon using a specialized device.
  • In laser treatment, the prostate tissue is vaporized or removed using a laser with a high level of energy.
  • A prostatic urethral lift
  • Therapy with water vapor involves inserting a catheter into the urethra and delivering water vapor to the prostate. This causes the prostate tissue to shrink, improving urine flow.


It may be essential for men experiencing severe symptoms or consequences to have surgery to remove their prostate glands completely. Simple prostatectomy is the most frequent surgical treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The type of surgical operation is determined by several criteria, including the size of the prostate, the degree of symptoms, the patient’s general health, and the level of experience the surgeon possesses. Each operation has advantages, dangers, and potential adverse effects, which a qualified medical practitioner can explore properly.


BPH is a prevalent problem in men of a certain age and may be both uncomfortable and inconvenient. You can get medical assistance if you are experiencing symptoms of BPH, such as the need to urinate often or a weak urine stream. A doctor can diagnose the problem’s origin and help you explore your treatment choices. Even while BPH does not threaten a person’s life, the condition can significantly negatively affect their quality of life if it is not addressed.

If you are concerned about having BPH, you can talk to your primary care physician or a urologist about how your symptoms can be managed and your overall quality of life improved.