In the second quarter of this year, there were a measure of 19.67 million people employed in Spain, according to the Labor Force Survey (EPA), which means 133,500 below the 19.80 million in the same quarter two years ago when there was no pandemic.
Although it also implies that more than a million jobs have been recovered over the second quarter of 2020 when the state of alarm was decreed. However, the recovery in employment is uneven.
According to a Fedea report, exploiting EPA data in June, there were already seven autonomous communities with more employees than in the second quarter of 2019. The other ten remaining still have not reached pre-Covid employment levels.
The economic think tank concludes that by number of jobs, the Community of Madrid is the one that has registered the greatest recovery , since the average number of employed persons in the second quarter of this year exceeds 31,000 in the second quarter of 2019.
The Region of Murcia is the second , with 26,500 more employed persons; Castilla-La Mancha closed the second quarter with 19,000 people working more than in 2019, Andalusia 18,800 more employed, Extremadura has 6,500, Asturias 3,900 and La Rioja, per hundred more employed, is placed among the communities that exceed the figures for the second quarter of 2019.
However, according to Fedea’s analysis, if it is measured by the employment rate , only four regions exceed the figures of two years ago , since in the Community of Madrid and Andalusia the number of employed persons in relation to the totality of the citizens of working age is still lower than two years ago.
Fedea highlights the case of the Region of Murcia . Not only does it exceed the number of jobs from two years ago by nearly 27,000, it is also 5,000 above the second quarter of 2007 (with a maximum of 20.58 million employed), but it is also the one with the best performance in terms of employment rate. activity , as it exceeds the 2019 record by 1.24 basis points.
However, the Community of Madrid is the community with the highest occupancy rate, 55.95%, compared to the national average of 49.63%.
Among the worst placed, the Canary Islands had 71,400 fewer jobs in June than two years ago, the Valencian Community 36,400, the Basque Country 31,100 and Castilla y León is occupied 24,500 below 2019.
Rise of female employment
Fedea not only highlights the differences in the recovery of employment in regional terms, but also by gender. The female employment has not only exceeded the figures occupying the second quarter of 2019 -8000 jobs more- is placed in the maximum of the EPA registration .
In the second quarter of 2021 there were 9,063,000 employed women, a figure never achieved in the second quarter series. The previous record, from 2019, was 9,055,000. Male employment is 141,000 jobs below the 2019 figures and far from 2009, 2008 and 2007.