Indigo was originally grown in India. Today, it is use as a dye. Indigo has a long history. The British repressed indigo cultivation in India. However, indigo can still be made today using chemical substances. The market is growing in demand for natural indigo. Farmers have reintroduced indigo cultivation. The Indigo plant is more useful for the land and makes it fertile.
The plants can grow up to one or two meters tall. The flowers are purple- and pink-coloured. Its plants can produce for up to two years depending on the climate. India’s indigo crop is mostly grown in Bihar and Bengal.
Soil and Climate
For the cultivation of indigo sandy loam soil and proper drainage are require. Indigo should not be grown on wet ground. Indigo grows best in warm, temperate conditions. Indigo plants require more rain to grow because they thrive in the rainy season. Its crop is not suitable for extreme summer or winter. Its plants require an average temperature.
The field must be prepare before indigo plants can be plant in it. The area must be prepare by plowing it deeply. The area is then treat with a little cow dung manure. The manure is then to the area and ploughed using a rotavator. This allows the compost to mix well with the soil. Once the compost is mix with the ground, water can be to the soil and the field pulverize. When the soil begins to dry, apply water to the field and pulverize. The New Holland3230 tractor can be use to complete farming tasks.
The sowing of indigo seed is done from source. The drill method is use to plant the roots. Rows are made before plant the seed in the field. These rows should be kept at a minimum of one foot from each other. The roots are plant in April and the rainy seasons in irrigate areas. This allows the plant to be harvest in a shorter time and also gives a good yield.
Indigo plants do not require much irrigation. Sowing Indigo plant in April should be done before the rainy season. The plant need two to three irrigation before they can start to get wet. If the seeds were plant in the rainy season, only one to two irrigations are necessary. Indigo crops are ready to harvest in three to four weeks. A suitable tractor model is the John Deere 5310Tractor.
For a good yield of Indigo, it is important to apply enough fertiliser when preparing the fields. After the first ploughing, 8-10 carts of old cowdung manure are adde to the soil. It is also possible to use compost manure in place of natural manure. They replenish nitrogen from the soil and do not require chemical fertilizers.
Indigo plants can be control using natural methods. The plants can only be harm by two hoeings. The first weeding occurs after 25 days. The second weeding takes place at intervals of 15 to 20.
After three to four months of sowing the seeds, Indigo plants will be ready to start producing. The plants can then be harvest. Indigo plants can also be prune multiple times. If you want to gather multiple plants, make sure they are cut before they bloom. The plants are pick at a height above the ground. These plants are then in a shad area after being harvest. The dried leaves are then sent to the market. The leaves are then thresh to extract the indigo.
Indigo can also be made from the leaves. These green leaves can be sold right after harvesting. However, the market price for green leaves is lower than that for dry leaves. Farmers in Bihar, for example, can harvest 7 quintals worth of dried leaves per acre. The market price of dried leaves is between 50 and 60 rupees per kilogram. Farmers brothers can make up to 50 000 rupees by growing indigo once a year in one acre.